EU climate action and the European Green Deal

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On 14 July 2021, the European Commission adopted a series of legislative proposals setting out how it intends to achieve climate neutrality in the EU by 2050, including the intermediate target of an at least 55% net reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. The package proposes to revise several pieces of EU climate legislation, including the EU ETS, Effort Sharing Regulation, transport and land use legislation, setting out in real terms the ways in which the Commission intends to reach EU climate targets under the European Green Deal.

At international level, the EU will continue to lead international negotiations to increase the ambition of major emitters ahead of the United Nations climate change conference in Glasgow (COP26).


Key EU legislation and policies


EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the power sector, industry and flights within the EU

National targets for sectors outside emissions trading, such as transport, buildings and agriculture

Ensuring our forests and land contribute to the fight against climate change

Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from transport, e.g. through CO2 emission standards for vehicles

Boosting energy efficiency, renewable energy and governance of EU countries’ energy and climate policies

Promoting innovative low-carbon technologies

Phasing down climate-warming fluorinated greenhouse gases

Protecting the ozone layer

Adapting to the impacts of climate change

Funding climate action


International cooperation


The EU is actively working with other countries and regions to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement.

It promotes ambitious climate action in multilateral fora and in its bilateral cooperation with countries outside the EU.

The EU is also a top provider of international climate finance to support developing countries in their efforts to tackle climate change.

Aligning action in all areas


Fighting climate change and achieving the transition to a climate-neutral society will require significant investments, research and innovation, new ways of producing and consuming, and changes in the way we work, use transport and live together.


The EU is addressing this by aligning action in key areas, for example:




Mobility and transport

Regional policy and the low-carbon economy

Sustainable finance

Industrial policy

Trade and sustainable development

International cooperation and development

Research and innovation on climate change

Sustainable development goals


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