Swedish Chamber of Commerce 1960 – 2020

A retrospection with the Honorary Members

                                    By: Hans Duijn


1960. The austere years of the Fifties were just behind us, gradually people started to allow themselves some luxury goods. TV sets were becoming more and more common. The European Economic Community (EEC) was only 4 years old and consisted of the six member countries of ‘the first hour’. People blamed occasional heavy rainfall on the ‘A-bomb’ and the cold war would soon enter a new episode with the incident in the Bay of Pigs and the construction of the Berlin Wall. Sweden would still drive for seven years on the left, although the decision to move to the right was already final.

At the invitation of the ambassador of Sweden at that time, Sven Dahlman, a number of  executives of Swedish companies in the Netherlands convened at the Swedish Embassy in The Hague on 14 February 1960 to discuss the future of Swedish-Dutch trade relations. With hindsight this meeting was the very beginning of the Chamber, which would formally be established on 12 May 1960 as the ‘Vereniging Zweeds-Nederlandse Kamer van Koophandel en Industrie’. Cees Sollart of Sandvik Staal N.V. acted as the first Chairman of the Chamber.

The Chamber became a success, for sure, and is, as we know, also after 50 years a very active network association for companies with a variety of interests in both Sweden and the Netherlands.

How did it happen, who made it happen and what were the trends during half a century of  Swedish Chamber activities in the Netherlands?

Whom could we better ask then the Honorary Members of the Chamber? Therefore, Nils van Dijkman, the current Chairman, and Kerstin Gerlagh, General Manager of the Swedish Chamber of Commerce, took the initiative to invite the Honorary Members for a luncheon in order to listen to their memories and views on 50 years of history of the Chamber.

The luncheon was held on a rainy day in November 2009 at a convenient place in Amsterdam. Of the Honorary Members were present Claes-Ivar Schultz, Gerard Perik and Henk Lokin. Unfortunately Bert Gort and Ben Hummel could not attend.

“The underlying reason for the establishment of the Chamber was obviously the awakening success of the Common Market and the aspirations of Swedish companies to operate ‘from within’ rather than compete cross-border”, thought Claes-Ivar Schultz. Sweden had entered the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), but this was a much looser trade association of countries and lacking the two countries, which formed the engine of European economic growth, West Germany and France. Many Swedish companies were seeking to establish subsidiaries, especially production plants, within the Common Market. The Netherlands were an attractive country to establish because of its moderate wages and stable social environment. On the other hand, Sweden was at that time a ‘role model’ for innovation of labour relations on the working floor, which explained the keen interest in Sweden from Dutch companies and public institutions.

“From the Sixties through the Eighties the membership was as yet predominantly Swedish”, added Gerard Perik. “Companies were still actively using expatriates to manage their plants and subsidiaries abroad, which meant that there was a large contingent of Swedish managers in the Netherlands regularly frequenting the activities of the Chamber”. With modern communication means further developing and cost drives also reaching the senior management levels, Swedish companies followed the global trend and hired more and more locals for senior positions in their foreign subsidiaries. The trend towards ‘Dutchification’ of the membership was further intensified in later years, when Dutch firms, in particular from within the service industry, ‘discovered’ the liberalizing Swedish market and joined the Chamber to broaden their networks.

“The second wave of ‘Swedishness’ came with the Swedish property investment boom in the Netherlands at the end of the Eighties”, remembered Henk Lokin. With low interest rates and booming real estate prices in Sweden, many Swedish real estate investors had been very successful in the Swedish market and were looking for expansion abroad. A more relaxed policy on international capital transfers facilitated foreign investments. It was not only Lars Magnusson, who entered the Dutch real estate market, many more Swedish property investors followed. But as fast as they came, so quickly did they leave, not seldom with substantial losses, as soon as the Riksbank steeply increased the interest rates in order to protect the Swedish crown.

“We also remember the third wave, the IT boom, which is not too long ago”, said Nils van Dijkman. At the end of the Nineties, many Swedish Information and Communication Technology companies, which then belonged to the most advanced in the world in their industry, also came to the Netherlands and started subsidiaries or took over local companies. Although hit by the subsequent IT crisis in 2000, quite a few survived and became successful in the Dutch market.

The co-operation between Swedes and Dutch worked very well. “The Swedes are well disciplined, well organized and good technical executioners, but not often good salesmen; the Dutch filled that in, being much more entrepreneurial and sales oriented”, said Claes-Ivar Schultz. In any event, the co-operation within the Chamber between both nationalities always worked well. The Board was, from the very beginning, composed of both nationalities. By extensively using the mutual networks, the Chamber has always been able to offer its members an excellent program of activities. “The list of CEO’s of large international companies and Ministers and other high government officials who addressed the members of the Chamber at luncheon meetings is very impressive”, mentioned Henk Lokin.

The Chamber counted many highlights in the fifty years of its existence of which two should not be left unmentioned here: that is in the first place the Conference ‘a Day of Visions’, organized at the occasion of the 40th Anniversary of the Chamber. “Program, speakers and festivities were toprated and we owe much respect for the organizational drive of Olle Werner, who was then the Chairman of the Board of the Chamber”, said Gerard Perik. Another remarkable event was the manifestation ‘Sweden in the Marketplace’, a large exhibition of  Swedish industrial skills and cultural achievements in the center of The Hague, organized in September 1990 in co-operation with the Swedish Trade Office and Swedish companies and other institutions in the Netherlands. The manifestation was officially opended by HRH King Carl XVI Gustaf.

“We should not leave unmentioned here the enthousiasm and support of the ambassadors”, reminded Claes-Ivar Schultz. Successive ambassadors for Sweden in the Netherlands have greatly contributed to the quality of the program of the Chamber. In line with the trend towards more business orientation, the distinguished residence of the Swedish ambassador at Lange Voorhout increasingly became a hospitable function for Chamber gatherings.

The membership count has been a very stable factor in the existence of the Chamber over the years. “It fluctuates of course somewhat on the tides of the economic and business cycles. It is very encouraging that young professionals also take a firm interest in the Chamber, given the success of  the JCC (Junior Chamber of Commerce) suborganization”, mentioned Kerstin Gerlagh. She added that the establishment of a separate office of the Chamber and the move from The Hague to Amsterdam substantially contributed to the efficiency and professionalism of the organization.

“Although networking is nowadays just as important as it was fifty years ago, we notice at our Chamber events that the members present increasingly focus on direct business opportunities, which is obviously a reflection of a general trend in society”, observed Nils van Dijkman. He continued: “ The Chamber has proved its function over the years in many ways and we are looking forward to continue to do so. I like to thank you as Honorary Members for your contributions to this retrospection and your lasting interest in the Chamber”.